Updated: Nov 30, 2021
What is Automotive Hacking ?
Automotive hacking is the exploitation of vulnerabilities found within the software, hardware, and communication systems of automobiles. Today, as fuel prices are increasing day by day and due to rising pollution most of the car manufacturers are building the electric car which automatic. As automotive vehicles use Bluetooth and Wi-Fi technologies to communicate, which makes them more prone to cyber-attacks. These attacks vary from physical to long-range digital attacks. Also, these cars contains the various functionalities which are developed by building various software programs. And for these functionalities to work we need Internet connection. So, where there is Internet there are hackers.
According to the statistics and experts, the global automotive industry will expand by almost nine trillion U.S. dollars by 2030. Thus, it appears that the future of the automotive industry is shining bright. So Autonomy is the future of the automotive industry. All the credit goes to driverless cars. Not only are they safer, more comfortable but also more convenient to use than regular cars.
Automotive hacking is the future of the hacking. The integration of various communications and software systems leaves automobiles vulnerable to attack. So, the Security researchers have begun demonstrating the multitude of potential attack vectors in modern vehicles, and some real-world exploits have resulted in manufacturers issuing vehicle recalls and software updates to mobile applications.
2015 Fiat Chrysler UConnect Hack
Uconnect also suffered a Automotive hacking attack. UConnect is Fiat Chrysler's Internet-connected feature which enables owners the ability to control the vehicle's infotainment/navigation system, sync media, and make phone calls. It even integrates with the optional on-board WiFi.
However, susceptibilities in Fiat Chrysler’s UConnect system, available on over 1.4 million cars, allows hackers to scan for cars with the system, connect and embed malicious code, and ultimately, commandeer vital vehicle controls like steering and brakes.
2015 Tesla Model S Hack
In 2015 at the DEF CON hacking conference Marc Rogers and Kevin Mahaffey demonstrated how a chain of exploits could be used to take complete control of the Model S. Marc Rogers and Kevin Mahaffey identified several remote and local vulnerabilities that could be used as entry points. They demonstrated that after exploitation the vehicle could be remotely controlled with an iPhone. Finally, they also demonstrated that it was possible to install a backdoor that allowed persistent access and control of the vehicle in a similar fashion to exploit techniques more usually associated with traditional computer systems.
How to Prevent Automobile Cyber Attacks or Automotive Hacking?
Update Your Cars Software: An outdated software not only contains bugs but is under constant threat of hacking. Hackers can steal your private data or take control of your car. So it is recommended to check your computer for software updates. Keep an eye out for notices from your auto manufacturer, and update your car’s software.
Turn off GPS: GPS systems in autonomous vehicles are the soft spot for hackers, and vehicles are easy to hack using “GPS spoofing.” This process entails interfering with the GPS location system by using a radio signal. Therefore, drivers should keep their GPS off.
Use VPN: VPNs have proved to be an effective way of keeping automotive operators safe. VPN protects your car’s engine and its electronics systems from external malware attacks. Hence, a strong VPN is recommended for car users to access the internet safely.
Restrict use of wireless systems : Wireless systems that monitor every move of your vehicle remotely may cause you to worry. They are at high risk because wireless or remote systems are generally controlled online and are more vulnerable to cyber-attacks.
Vulnerability assessment management : This process involves identifying, evaluating, treating, and reporting security vulnerabilities. This can be best implemented alongside other security tactics which are vital for your vehicle.